The United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) have released a report that examines the effects of economic transitions from state socialism to free markets on women in 18 Eastern European countries.
According to the report, titled "The Story Behind the Numbers: Women and Employment in Central and Eastern Europe and the Western Commonwealth of Independent States," Eastern European women have suffered because of the collapse of state socialism, with high rates of long-term unemployment. Those that find work frequently fill underpaid, governmental positions. Though women are statistically better educated than their male counterparts, they are paid less. Men too, though, have been negatively affected and also have high rates of unemployment and poverty.
However, the report notes that while both men and women face difficulties in the labor market, women are disproportionately negatively affected by their role as caregivers. A UNIFEM press release points out that, "State policies no longer try to assist women to balance work and family. Instead, they have reinforced the tradition of women’s sole responsibility for reproductive work and have cut (or allowed for the devaluation of state subsidies for child-care institutions, maternity leave, and parental sick leave."
Media Resources: UNIFEM press release 6/13/06; UNIFEM report overview 6/13/06
2/27/2015 This Bipartisan Bill Will Hold Colleges Accountable for Ending Campus Sexual Assault - A bipartisan bill aimed at holding colleges and universities accountable for rape and sexual assault cases was introduced in Congress yesterday, spearheaded by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY).
Some of the Campus Accountability and Safety Act's key key provisions include a requirement of confidential reporting systems on colleges and universities, minimum training requirements for campus personnel, and stricter penalties for schools found to be in violation of Title IX or the Clery Act. . . .
2/26/2015 If This Bill Passes Federal Law Will Add Consent to Sex Ed Curriculums - Right now, federal law does not require health or sex education to include sexual assault prevention - but that could change with a new bill introduced by Senators Claire McCaskill (D-MO) and Tim Kaine (D-VA).
The Teach Safe Relationships Act of 2015, which was introduced earlier this month, would require all public secondary schools in the country to include teaching "safe relationship behavior" in order to help prevent domestic violence and sexual assault. . . .