Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, the head of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), urges the end of sex-selective abortion and infanticide in India. According to the UN News Services, the ratio of girls to boys has sharply decreased over the past decade due to such practices. According to Obaid, "discrimination against girls anywhere in the world is a social ill and human rights violation, which must be stopped. Girls, like boys, deserve equal love, equal opportunity and equal rights."
The Indian government conducted a study addressing the violations of Indian laws prohibiting sex selection that estimates that several million fetuses have been aborted in India over the past two decades because they were female, reports the New York Times. The data notes a national decline from 945 to 927 in the number of girls per 1,000 boys ages 0-6 from 1991-2000. According to the UN News Services, the publication notes that in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat, the ratio of boys to girls was even lower - at 800 girls for every 1,000 boys.
Some states have started public education campaigns, inspections and edicts from religious leaders to end female infanticide and sex-selective abortion. Abortion is legal in India. National law states that it is illegal to abort a fetus because of its sex.
12/9/2013 Mixed Results for Afghanistan's Anti-Violence Against Women Law - The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released their annual report on violence against women in Afghanistan yesterday, revealing mixed results of the country's Elimination of Violence against Women Law.
"A Way to Go: An Update on Implementation of the Law on the Elimination of Violence against Women in Afghanistan [PDF]," found that there was a 28 percent increase in reports of violence against women from 2012 to 2013 , but only 17 percent of those were prosecuted under EVAW - a small 2 percent increase from last year.
The law, which was issued by the executive decree of President Hamid Karzai in 2009, criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women and specifies punishment for perpetrators. . . .