Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, the head of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), urges the end of sex-selective abortion and infanticide in India. According to the UN News Services, the ratio of girls to boys has sharply decreased over the past decade due to such practices. According to Obaid, "discrimination against girls anywhere in the world is a social ill and human rights violation, which must be stopped. Girls, like boys, deserve equal love, equal opportunity and equal rights."
The Indian government conducted a study addressing the violations of Indian laws prohibiting sex selection that estimates that several million fetuses have been aborted in India over the past two decades because they were female, reports the New York Times. The data notes a national decline from 945 to 927 in the number of girls per 1,000 boys ages 0-6 from 1991-2000. According to the UN News Services, the publication notes that in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat, the ratio of boys to girls was even lower - at 800 girls for every 1,000 boys.
Some states have started public education campaigns, inspections and edicts from religious leaders to end female infanticide and sex-selective abortion. Abortion is legal in India. National law states that it is illegal to abort a fetus because of its sex.
3/7/2014 Study Finds Continuing Gender Gap in Medical Research - Although 20 years have passed since the government instituted legislation requiring adequate female representation in medical studies, a recent study finds that a significant sex and gender gap still persists in medical research.
"Sex-Specific Medical Research: Why Women's Health Can't Wait" by researchers at the Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology at Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Jacobs Institute at George Washington University Hospital finds that scientists still fail to account for differences between males and females. . . .