Despite pledges of $4.5 billion in emergency assistance and reconstruction funds for Afghanistan, the international community has only released about $660 million so far. On Thursday, U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell pledged to speed up disbursement of the promised funds. The United States has delivered around $400 million in emergency assistance to the struggling nation, but with most of it for humanitarian assistance through the UN and other nongovernmental organization – and very little to assist the Afghan government with reconstruction. The cost of reconstruction of Afghanistan is estimated at $14-18 billion over the next decade.
The newly formed Afghan government, under the leadership of President Hamid Karzai, is currently trying to rebuild the country as well as bring an end to the violence and corruption of warlords that the US counted as allies in their war against Al Qaeda. The assassination of vice president Haji Abdul Qadir in full daylight in Kabul earlier this month; threats to Loya Jirga delegates who spoke out for human rights; violence against women in the Northern provinces; violence against humanitarian aid workers; and the use of tactics of intimidation against the return of girls to school in Kandahar show the need for expansion of peacekeeping forces both within and beyond Kabul is desperate.
“You’re not going to get economic development if roads aren’t secured, if there’s banditry and lawlessness, if warlords are running everything, if it’s corrupt and if you’ve got to pay them off,” stressed Roberta Cohen, a specialist in humanitarian issues at the Brookings Institution, in the LA Times. Michael Ignatieff, director of the Carr Center at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, told the New York Times that in order to keep stability in Afghanistan, “Washington will have to help Karzai, and the only help that counts in Afghanistan is troops.”
Currently, there are only 4,500 peacekeeping troops in Afghanistan who are all stationed within the capital city Kabul. The US has rejected Karzai’s requests for more troops outside of Kabul. The Feminist Majority, the United Nations and other humanitarian aid organizations have joined the Afghan government in repeated pleas to President Bush to expand the peacekeeping troops in Afghanistan.
2/27/2015 This Bipartisan Bill Will Hold Colleges Accountable for Ending Campus Sexual Assault - A bipartisan bill aimed at holding colleges and universities accountable for rape and sexual assault cases was introduced in Congress yesterday, spearheaded by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY).
Some of the Campus Accountability and Safety Act's key key provisions include a requirement of confidential reporting systems on colleges and universities, minimum training requirements for campus personnel, and stricter penalties for schools found to be in violation of Title IX or the Clery Act. . . .
2/26/2015 If This Bill Passes Federal Law Will Add Consent to Sex Ed Curriculums - Right now, federal law does not require health or sex education to include sexual assault prevention - but that could change with a new bill introduced by Senators Claire McCaskill (D-MO) and Tim Kaine (D-VA).
The Teach Safe Relationships Act of 2015, which was introduced earlier this month, would require all public secondary schools in the country to include teaching "safe relationship behavior" in order to help prevent domestic violence and sexual assault. . . .