In May, the European Union began regulating its aviation industry to protect flight crews from cosmic radiation-the higher we fly above the earth's surface, the higher the exposure. The EU directive came just in time for what is considered a peak phase in solar flare activity (storms on the sun's surface), which can increase cosmic radiation one hundredfold.
Since research indicates that ionizing radiation from the sun can cause birth defects, the new law requires airlines to notify employees of risks and limit the exposure of pregnant crew members. British Airways now grounds employees once they declare pregnancy.
In the U.S., meanwhile, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has documented cosmic radiation risks since 1990, but doesn't require airlines to inform their crews or passengers. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, flight crew members receive higher radiation doses than 95 percent of other "exposed" workers, including most nuclear power plant technicians. Many, however, are unaware of the risks.
Robert Barish, a medical physicist and author of The Invisible Passenger: Radiation Risks for People Who Fly, says, "It makes no sense that those who are in the highest exposed worker group in the U.S. know absolutely nothing about it."
"We are way behind in the U.S.," agrees Candace Kolander, a coordinator at the Association of Flight Attendants, AFL-CIO. "As a flight attendant, I should be able to make an informed decision." According to Barish "one long flight can equal one to two chest x-rays." And one study established a link between flight crews and increased instances of breast cancer. But more research needs to be done, especially on links between in-flight radiation and female reproductive disorders. One such study, involving thousands of women flight attendants, is underway at the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health and should be finished in 2003.
Barish says that frequent fliers should monitor their exposure, and pregnant women should know that flying during a solar flare could increase the risk of birth defects or cause a miscarriage.
1/23/2015 #HeForShe Campaign Launches Pilot Effort Aimed at Institutional Equality - The United Nations' gender equality campaign #HeForShe has launched a new program called IMPACT 10X10X10.
United Nations Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson, together with UN Women Executive DirectorPhumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, introduced the one-year pilot effort aimed at encouraging corporations, universities, and governments to play an active role in enhancing women's empowerment and equality in Davos, Switzerland today at the World Economic Forum.
"Women need to be equal participants in our homes, societies, in our governments, and in our workplaces," Watson said.
First introduced in September, HeForShe is a solidarity movement that calls on men and boys to confront gender inequalities that face women and girls globally. . . .
1/22/2015 BREAKING: House to Vote on Abortion Coverage Ban - After they were forced to scrap plans for a 20-week abortion ban, House Republican leaders decided late last night to instead ram through a vote today on a different extreme anti-abortion bill.
House Republicans are now pushing HR 7, a bill promoted as a ban on federal funding of abortion that would actually prevent women from using their own money to purchase health insurance that includes abortion care. . . .
1/22/2015 House Cancels Abortion Ban After GOP Congresswomen Drop Support - House Republicans cancelled plans to vote on a 20-week ban on abortion after Republican Congresswomen removed their names publicly as co-sponsors of the bill.
The vote on the unconstitutional 20-week ban had originally been scheduled for today, the anniversary of Roe v. . . .