This week marks the 22nd anniversary of the United Nations’ adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the first treaty to comprehensively address women's rights within political, cultural, economic, social, and family life. This convention, which guarantees women equal rights to work, pay, benefits and safe working conditions free from sexual harassment, also prohibits discrimination against women in political activities and requires a minimum age for marriage. Since the treaty was passed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 18, 1979, it has been ratified by 168 nations. Of the small number of countries that have not ratified CEDAW, including Afghanistan, Iran, Syria, and the Sudan, the United States remains the only industrialized democracy in the world that has not signed onto the treaty.
12/9/2013 Mixed Results for Afghanistan's Anti-Violence Against Women Law - The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released their annual report on violence against women in Afghanistan yesterday, revealing mixed results of the country's Elimination of Violence against Women Law.
"A Way to Go: An Update on Implementation of the Law on the Elimination of Violence against Women in Afghanistan [PDF]," found that there was a 28 percent increase in reports of violence against women from 2012 to 2013 , but only 17 percent of those were prosecuted under EVAW - a small 2 percent increase from last year.
The law, which was issued by the executive decree of President Hamid Karzai in 2009, criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women and specifies punishment for perpetrators. . . .