U.S. Supreme Court Refuses to Hear Affirmative Action Case
The U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear Texas v. Hopwood, a case challenging the University of Texas Law School’s affirmative action policy. Lower court rulings in the case forced Texas to drop affirmative action at public colleges, universities, and law schools in 1996. The Court has not heard an affirmative action case on higher education since the 1978 Bakke decision; however, in contracting cases, the Court has ruled against affirmative action policies in recent years.
Hopwood has had a devastating effect on minority law school admissions. Last year’s entering class of 500 at the University of Texas Law School had just 18 black and 34 Mexican-American students (just about ten percent of those admitted) in a state where 40 percent of the population is black or Mexican-American. To rectify this imbalance at the undergraduate level, Texas’ new policy guarantees undergraduate admission to any public university to all students who graduate in the top ten percent of their high school class. Recognizing that many schools in the U.S. are racially homogenous, this policy could help to improve minority admissions to public colleges and universities in the state.
Media Resources: Associated Press – June 25 and Feminist Majority Foundation
12/9/2013 Mixed Results for Afghanistan's Anti-Violence Against Women Law - The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released their annual report on violence against women in Afghanistan yesterday, revealing mixed results of the country's Elimination of Violence against Women Law.
"A Way to Go: An Update on Implementation of the Law on the Elimination of Violence against Women in Afghanistan [PDF]," found that there was a 28 percent increase in reports of violence against women from 2012 to 2013 , but only 17 percent of those were prosecuted under EVAW - a small 2 percent increase from last year.
The law, which was issued by the executive decree of President Hamid Karzai in 2009, criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women and specifies punishment for perpetrators. . . .