European Court of Justice Strikes Down Affirmative Action Law
The European Court of Justice handed down a landmark sex discrimination ruling yesterday, finding an affirmative action law illegal The German law encouraged state agencies in Bremen to promote women over men, when both had equal qualifications. Earl ier a German Court had found the law consistent with employment practices and promoted equal opportunity for women. The European Court found, however, that it "goes beyond" EU equal opportunity legislation. Even if men dominate a particular field, compa nies can't give equally qualified women preference based on gender.
The European Union Executive Commission has attempted to promote affirmative action for women across the fifteen EU countries and expressed extreme disappointment with the decision. The EU labor commissioner Padraig Flynn commented that the Commission could modify EU employment law so that it explicitly endorsed, "positive action" for women.
Media Resources: Newshound, The San Jose Mercury News - October 18, 1995
4/17/2014 Supreme Court of India Recognizes Transgender Rights - India's Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that official documents must allow transgender people to identify as a third gender and directed the federal and state governments to include transgender people, known as hijras, in welfare programs such as education, health care, and job programs.
"All documents will now have a third category marked 'transgender,'" said Laxmi Narayan Tripathi, a transgender activist who petitioned the court. . . .