The conservative political climate now endangers teachers' unions, which face attack from both federal and state governments. New measures, threaten to limit teachers' abilities to strike, raise money, and bargain. The measures also limit tenure and a unions' abilities to negotiate issues such as privatization of schools. A new Michigan law, for example, which teachers are now fighting in the courts, allows teachers to be fined if they strike and Republican Wisconsin Governor Tommy G. Thompson proposes allowing school boards to decide on merit-pay plans without agreement from teachers' unions. For the first time, Indiana's State Teachers' Association will not have the ability to bargain for "fair share" agreements, which allow the Union to assess fees to nonmember teachers. This law came about after a Republican Congress overruled the Democratic Governor's, Evan Bayh, veto. Republican leaders have targeted the National Education Association, which, with 2.2 million members, is America's largest Union. They have also targeted the American Federation of Teachers, which maintains 875,000 members.
7/29/2014 Extensive Female Genital Mutilation Study To Be Conducted in the US - The Obama administration plans to conduct a large study on female genital mutilation (FGM) to try to assess how many girls and women in the US are at risk, and how many have already experienced, FGM.
According to experts, FGM tends to take place during summer break when parents take their daughter outside of the country for the practice.
Jaha Dukureh, a 24-year-old woman who grew up in Gambia, experienced FGM there, and then child marriage in the US, started a petition that gained more than 220,000 supporters. . . .