Nearly 1 Million Women Elected to Indian Village Councils
As a result of a 1993 constitutional amendment that set aside 1/3 of all panchayat seats and village chiefs' positions for women, almost 1 million women have now been elected to village governing boards. Some of these women come from the country's lowest castes, causing an uproar among the country's upper-caste Brahmins.
A government-funded study conducted by the Center for Women's Development Studies in New Delhi purports that fully two-thirds of the newly-empowered women leaders are actively learning about governing and exercising their powers by allocating resources for schools, distributing government aid for housing, and making decision about village infrastructure and development. The remaining third act as mere "public faces" while their husbands make the decisions.
Women leaders, and especially those from poorer classes, face great opposition. Alam Singh, a Brahmin farmer who headed his village before a lower-case woman was set to replace him, described his successor as "stupid" and "illiterate," explaining "The government has turned power upside down."
Government officials have stated that women panchayats are having enjoying the greatest success in areas where there is greater wealth and literacy, and where women have already raised their status. Karnataka, a southern state that in the 1980s initiated a quota system to give village women a voice in government, is one such example. Kerala, where 9 of 10 women are literature, is another example of success.
10/23/2014 Ferguson October Continues With National Day of Action Against Police Brutality and Mass Incarceration - Activists organized actions nationwide yesterday to protest police brutality in cities across the country as part of ongoing Ferguson October events, while outrage grows in Missouri over the the grand jury proceeding on whether Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson should face criminal charges in the shooting death of unarmed African-American teenager Michael Brown.
As part of the National Day of Protest to Stop Police Brutality and Mass Incarceration, on-the-ground organizers in Ferguson, Missouri and St. . . .