But when Munoz collapsed and was found with no breath or pulse in November, possibly caused by a pulmonary embolism, she was 14 weeks pregnant. She had been without oxygen for too long for her brain to recover, but her heart was revived by electric shock, and doctors found a fetal heartbeat. Under the Texas Advance Directives Act, the state of Texas requires that "a person may not withdraw or withhold life-sustaining treatment under this subchapter from a pregnant patient." The hospital interpreted this to invalidate her wishes, even though experts interviewed by the Associated Press said a brain-dead patient would not be covered by the law. A 2012 report by the Center for Women Policy Studies found that Texas is one of 12 US states that invalidate a woman's end-of-life wishes if she is pregnant.
Munoz's family also worries about the health of the fetus. "That poor fetus had the same lack of oxygen, the same electric shocks, the same chemicals that got her heart going again," said her father Ernest Machado. "For all we know, it's in the same condition that Marlise is in."
Media Resources: Dallas News 1/3/14; Associated Press 1/4/13; Center for Women Policy Studies August 2012
1/28/2015 Senator Boxer Urges President to Continue Support for UN Population Fund - Earlier this week, Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) along with 21 of her Senate colleagues sent a letter to President Obama calling on him to maintain support for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
UNFPA, which promotes maternal and reproductive health, conducts major demographic surveys, and campaigns against fistula and female genital mutilation, supports programs in over 150 countries. . . .