The Supreme Court ruled yesterday with a six-justice majority that the "Anti-Prostitution Loyalty Oath" (APLO) in the 2003 United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria act violated the First Amendment and was unconstitutional. The APLO required groups receiving government funds to fight HIV/AIDS around the globe to adopt policies opposing prostitution and human trafficking.
Chief Justice John G. Roberts, who wrote the decision for the majority, worried that the APLO "may alienate certain host governments, and may diminish the effectiveness of some of their programs." Marine Buissonniere, who directs the group Open Society Public Health Program opposing the APLO, agrees. "Public health groups cannot tell sex workers that we 'oppose them'," she said, "yet expect them to be partners in preventing HIV."
Groups within the United States will no longer be required to agree to the APLO to receive funding for work done abroad. Groups from overseas may still be required to agree. Research presented at the July 2012 International AIDS Conference found that the APLO hurt US HIV programs by encouraging groups to limit or eliminate programs that targeted sex workers in fear of losing their funding.
3/7/2014 Study Finds Continuing Gender Gap in Medical Research - Although 20 years have passed since the government instituted legislation requiring adequate female representation in medical studies, a recent study finds that a significant sex and gender gap still persists in medical research.
"Sex-Specific Medical Research: Why Women's Health Can't Wait" by researchers at the Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology at Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Jacobs Institute at George Washington University Hospital finds that scientists still fail to account for differences between males and females. . . .