The Supreme Court ruled yesterday with a six-justice majority that the "Anti-Prostitution Loyalty Oath" (APLO) in the 2003 United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria act violated the First Amendment and was unconstitutional. The APLO required groups receiving government funds to fight HIV/AIDS around the globe to adopt policies opposing prostitution and human trafficking.
Chief Justice John G. Roberts, who wrote the decision for the majority, worried that the APLO "may alienate certain host governments, and may diminish the effectiveness of some of their programs." Marine Buissonniere, who directs the group Open Society Public Health Program opposing the APLO, agrees. "Public health groups cannot tell sex workers that we 'oppose them'," she said, "yet expect them to be partners in preventing HIV."
Groups within the United States will no longer be required to agree to the APLO to receive funding for work done abroad. Groups from overseas may still be required to agree. Research presented at the July 2012 International AIDS Conference found that the APLO hurt US HIV programs by encouraging groups to limit or eliminate programs that targeted sex workers in fear of losing their funding.
12/18/2014 American Apparel Hired Its First-Ever Woman Chief Executive to Replace Dov Charney - Six months after retail store American Apparel fired its chief executive and founder Dov Charney, the company has hired retail executive Paula Schneider as a replacement.
Schneider, who will become American Apparel's first female chief executive, will take over the position as of January 5.
Charney had led American Apparel since 1998 and became well-known from American Apparel's sexist advertising and from several sexual harassment lawsuits and sexual assault accusations against him by former employees. . . .
12/18/2014 Obama's Judicial Appointments Most Diverse in History - Congress came to a close on Tuesday night with the Senate confirmation of 12 new federal judges and 12 executive appointments - including Vivek Murthy as Surgeon General, Sarah Saldana as head of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and Tony Blinken as deputy Secretary of State. . . .