Beijing Olympic officials have set up a sex determination lab to test female athletes suspected of being males, Chinese media reported yesterday. Cases will be evaluated based on external appearance and blood samples tested for sex hormones, chromosomes, and genes, according to AFP.
The practice of sex testing began in Eastern Europe in the 1960s. The first time Olympic athletes were tested was at the 1968 Mexico City Games. At the 1996 Games in Atlanta, eight athletes failed the tests but were later cleared, according to China View. A variety of concerns led the International Olympic Committee to stop requiring the tests in 1999. Several female athletes, including runners Santhi Soundarajan of India and Ewar Kobukkowska of Poland have been stripped of their medals after failing sex tests.
Testing is a controversial practice in athletics. Chromosomal abnormalities may cause women to fail the tests, even though they may have no competitive advantages. If women fail initial testing, they are required to have a physiological exam, can be considered to be an invasive privacy violation, according to The New York Times.
Media Resources: AFP 7/27/2008; China View 7/27/2008; The New York Times 7/27/2008
12/12/2013 Feminist Majority Celebrates Introduction of Family and Medical Insurance Leave Act (FAMILY Act) - WASHINGTON -- Feminist Majority today celebrates and applauds Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) and Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) for introducing the critically-needed paid family medical leave legislation.
The Family and Medical Insurance Leave Act (FAMILY Act) will allow workers to take paid time off to address a serious illness of their own, a spouse, parent or child or to care for a new baby or adopted child. . . .
12/12/2013 Senate Confirms Two Women To DC Circuit Court - The US Senate confirmed Patricia Millett and Nina Pillard to the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit this week, making this the first time the court has had five active female judges.The court is the second most important in the US because of its jurisdiction over most federal agencies.
The Senate confirmed Patricia Millett by a 56-38 vote on Tuesday. . . .