According to "Condom Use Before Marriage and Its Correlates: Evidence from India," a study published in International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, the majority of people in India having premarital sex between the ages of 15 and 24 did not use condoms. "Only 7% of young women and 27% of young men who had had premarital sex had ever used condoms." Moreover, of the 2,408 people surveyed, only 3 percent of women and 13 percent of men reported that they used a condom every time they had sex.
K.G. Santhya, Rajib Acharya and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, who conducted the study, found that both men and women cited their discomfort with approaching a pharmacist or medical provider as their primary reason for not obtaining and using a condom. In addition, many of those surveyed did not believe they were at risk for becoming pregnant or contracting a sexually transmitted infection: "Only 40% of the 106 women who discussed the risk of pregnancy reported having worried about becoming pregnant. Similarly, only eight of the 51 men who discussed pregnancy reported they had been worried about their partner becoming pregnant."
The authors of the study recommend that educational programs be established to encourage condom use among young people. They also advocated for the greater accessibility of condoms.
Media Resources: Guttmacher Institute News Release 1/4/12;
12/9/2013 Mixed Results for Afghanistan's Anti-Violence Against Women Law - The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released their annual report on violence against women in Afghanistan yesterday, revealing mixed results of the country's Elimination of Violence against Women Law.
"A Way to Go: An Update on Implementation of the Law on the Elimination of Violence against Women in Afghanistan [PDF]," found that there was a 28 percent increase in reports of violence against women from 2012 to 2013 , but only 17 percent of those were prosecuted under EVAW - a small 2 percent increase from last year.
The law, which was issued by the executive decree of President Hamid Karzai in 2009, criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women and specifies punishment for perpetrators. . . .