Japanese Women May Be Allowed to Keep Maiden Names
The Democratic Party of Japan plans to introduce a bill as early as next year that would allow women to keep their maiden names after marriage. According to The Youmiuri Shimbun, the bill would allow married couples to use separate surnames, amending the 1947 Civil Code. Under the proposed law, children would be able to choose one of their parents' surnames, reported Bloomberg.
Under current law, Japanese men can take their wives' names upon marriage. However, more than 95 percent of Japanese women take their husbands' last names, according to the Agence France-Presse .
Japanese women's rights activists argue for an alternate surname system both for equity reasons and due to professional inconveniences that occur when one's name changes. Conservative lawmakers have blocked similar legislation in the past, claiming that such a change would harm family unity.
Media Resources: Bloomberg 9/28/09; The Youmiuri Simbun 9/28/09; Agence France-Press 9/28/09
12/9/2013 Mixed Results for Afghanistan's Anti-Violence Against Women Law - The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released their annual report on violence against women in Afghanistan yesterday, revealing mixed results of the country's Elimination of Violence against Women Law.
"A Way to Go: An Update on Implementation of the Law on the Elimination of Violence against Women in Afghanistan [PDF]," found that there was a 28 percent increase in reports of violence against women from 2012 to 2013 , but only 17 percent of those were prosecuted under EVAW - a small 2 percent increase from last year.
The law, which was issued by the executive decree of President Hamid Karzai in 2009, criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women and specifies punishment for perpetrators. . . .